Mathematics and Numeracy

Mathematics and Numeracy

The development of mathematics has always gone hand in hand with the development of civilisation itself. A truly international discipline, it surrounds us and underpins so many aspects of our daily lives, such as architecture, art, music, money and engineering. It is essential for progress in other areas of learning and experience.

What is more, numeracy – the application of mathematics to solve problems in real-world contexts – plays a critical part in our everyday lives, and in the economic health of the nation. It is imperative, therefore, that mathematics and numeracy experiences are as engaging, exciting and accessible as possible for learners, and that these experiences are geared towards ensuring that learners develop mathematical resilience.

In the early years, play forms an important part in the development of mathematics and numeracy, enabling learners to solve problems, explore ideas, establish connections and collaborate with others.

In later years, learners need to have opportunities to work both independently and collaboratively to build on the foundations established in the early years.

What Matters in Mathematics and Numeracy

1. The number system is used to represent and compare relationships between numbers and quantities.

2. Algebra uses symbol systems to express the structure of mathematical relationships.

3. Geometry focuses on relationships involving shape, space and position, and measurement focuses on quantifying phenomena in the physical world.

4. Statistics represent data, probability models chance, and both support informed inferences and decisions.

Progression in Mathematics and Numeracy

In the Mathematics and Numeracy Area of Learning and Experience, the model of progression is based on the development of five interdependent proficiencies, outlined below. This model of progression can be considered as both longitudinal and cross-sectional. To ensure progress in any mathematics learning, proficiencies should be developed and connected in time and should also develop over time.


  1. Conceptual understanding
  2. Communication using symbols
  3. Fluency
  4. Logical reasoning
  5. Strategic competence

Maths and Numeracy at Pennard Primary School


At Pennard, we encourage children to explore links with mathematics and numeracy across all areas of learning and in the real world. Embedded provision to develop the appropriate skills knowledge and experiences for Mathematics and Numeracy includes: 


  • Numeracy across the curriculum
  • Numeracy intervention for identified pupils
  • Visual – concrete- abstract approach
  • Numicon and Active learn resources to support and enhance learning
  • Chilli challenges
  • RAP’s and PIT STOPS in KS2
  • Maths and Numeracy throughout continuous and enhanced provisions in the Foundation Phase.
  • A mastery approach

Counting and Remembered facts.


As part of our daily do’s we participate in 10 minutes of counting and remembered facts for each year group.


Click below to see the counting and remembered facts for your year group.


N and R counting and remembered facts

Year 1 counting and remembered facts

Year 2 counting and remembered facts

Year 3 counting and remembered facts

Year 4 counting and rememberd facts

Year 5 counting and rememberd facts

Year 6 counting and remembered facts


Mastery Maths


What does it mean to master mathematics?

A mathematical concept or skill has been mastered when a pupil can represent it in multiple ways, has the mathematical language to communicate related ideas, and can independently apply the concept to new problems in unfamiliar situations.

Mastery is a journey and long-term goal, achieved through exploration, clarification, practice and application over time. At each stage of learning, pupils should be able to demonstrate a deep, conceptual understanding of the topic and be able to build on this over time.

This is not about just being able to memorise key facts and procedures, which tends to lead to superficial understanding that can easily be forgotten. Pupils should be able to select which mathematical approach is most effective in different scenarios.


Click here for further Mastery information for your Child’s year group










What is Numicon?

Numicon is a primary school teaching aid consisting of plastic tiles with holes which represent the numbers 1 to 10. They can be used to teach place value, ordering and calculation.

Learning about numbers for the first time can be challenging for children. Lots of children struggle to to understand the concept of numbers to begin with and a Numicon can be the perfect Maths tool to help them learn.

Numicon are designed to make numbers real for kids by them being able to see and physically touch each number. It works with the Maths Mastery approach that’s taught in lots of schools, providing a solid object to represent each number.

How does Numicon work?

Each Numicon shape provides children with a visual image of what a number looks like. A child will start to recognise the relationship between different numbers, as each Numicon piece has an extra hole to the last one. Numicon number lines show children that each number has a different value but can be made up smaller numbers by adding them to make a new total.